Moreover, its capacity is elastic which can easily be increased by adding more wagons. Larger Capacity: The carrying capacity of the railways is extremely large. More chances of attack on boat sailing through. Intermediate loading or unloading involves greater cost, more wear and tear and wastage of time. Not suitable for small items and for Longer Distances Another problem with this means of transportation is that it is not suitable for long distances due to it being slow which in turn leads to it taking more time than any other means of transport and also when one wants to send smaller items than other means of transportation like road, railway and airway are more preferable. Employment Opportunities: The railways provide greater employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled labour. Railway Accidents: The incidence of railway accidents in our country is greater as compared to other countries of the world.
Disadvantages of Rail Transport The demerits of rail transport are: 1. The time cost of terminal operations are a great disadvantage of rail transport. It is very much affected by weather and climatic conditions. Air transport refers to that transport through which people and goods are transferred or carried through the air from one place to another. Inadequate Roads: Most of the roads are in bad shape and are inadequate.
Because tracks aren't flexible, like the highway system, rail transport has to rely on other modes of transportation to get shipments to destinations where there is no rail network. Even the security level is very low and checking is not done properly in some countries, and as a result many bomb blasts take place in the trains. Frequent Accidents: Road transport system is dotted with frequent accidents. Like road transport, railway transport also plays a significant role because 80 percent of the goods transported in our country is effected through railways. Thus, large rural areas have no railway even today. Even if controlled and managed by the government, lack of competition may breed in inefficiency and high costs. In fact, it is a national necessity.
Only can be used when sufficient water is available. Employment Opportunities: The railways provide greater employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled labour. Consignments of different nature are being sent in aircraft daily to different parts of the country and the world. Hence for example, if the place of delivery is 200 miles away from nearest port than one has to incur additional expenses of transporting goods from port to the place of delivery through road or rail transport which makes it dependent on other means of transportation. Small Carrying Capacity The aircrafts have small carrying capacity and therefore these are not suitable for carrying bulky and cheaper goods.
Possesses high load carrying capacity. The most preferred one is railway transport. In case of road transports for example, the drivers can at any point of time decide to rest or stop for tea, refreshments, lunch or dinner. Local authorities fail to meet the personal requirements of the people as compared to roadways. Door to Door Service: Railways have the drawback that they cannot go to each village while road transport provides door to door service.
Good for bulky goods When larger quantity of good has to be transported from one place to another than this mode of transportation is the most viable option because of two reasons one that it is quite cheap and other one is that it is flexible implying that route and time can be customized according to the convenience of the party to whom the goods are to be shipped. There is a lack of accessibility to many locations around the country. The road transportation is also cheaper than any mode of transportation, in term of buying the prime mover, the whole lorry and so on. Centralised Administration: Being the public utility service railways have monopoly position and as such there is centralised administration. Comparing rail traffic with other traffic modes, we find out the rail traffic is undoubtedly the most reliable traffic mode.
The Advantages of Railway Transport are as Follows: 1. Disadvantages of Air Transport Costly The price of air ticket is very high which results in it being not affordable to a large section of middle and lower class people of the world. Water transport refers to the transport of people and goods by water which can be rivers, canals, and seas through various medium of transport like ships, boats, and vessels. Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails. High level of safety makes the rail traffic one of the most favorable traffic modes.
The cost of construction, maintenance and overhead expenses are very high as compared to other modes of transport. So, these are some means of transport. People reach railway station taking the help of road transport so it provides feeder service to rail transport. It is as economical as road transport and in some cases even more economical. Road transport is quicker over short distance because goods are loaded directly to the motor and transported to the place of destination. It facilitate long distance travel and transport of bulky goods which are not easily transported through motor vehicles. Unsafe for Fragile Items: Railway transportation is particularly unsafe for carrying fragile items like glass because these items can easily break at times when a train halts unexpectedly of when the train is speeding up at times.
Travel without Tickets: In India large number of passengers travel without tickets. Special maintenance for water tightness of boat is required. The operating cost of aero-planes are higher and it involves a great deal of expenditure on the construction of aerodromes and aircraft. No Physical Barriers Another advantage of air transportation is that it has got no physical barrier which is the case with road and rail transportation where their reach is limited due to geographical limitations. It is the largest public undertaking in the country. Advantages and Disadvantages of Railway Transport Advantages: 1.