All you need to do is read the play, underline every appearance of a knife in Macbeth, and then list them in your essay in the order they appear, right? Jane Gallagher: Goes on a date with Stradlater. This subversion of binary oppositions takes center stage at the novel's ending, the ambiguity of which has long divided Catcher's critics. In the beginning of the story the reader gets the impre. The writer expresses a character's thoughts and feelings as a chaotic stream, with no apparent order or logic; Holden's internal monologue is the epitome of William James idea of stream of consciousness. After Holden's prostitute left, he began to analyze the actions of Disciples.
Despite the contrasts between Holden and his three siblings, they have merged by the end of the novel insuch perfect harmony through their exchanges and fusions of roles that we come to recognize thefundamental unity of this quaternity of siblings. A good topic sentence not only alerts readers to what issue will be discussed in the following paragraph but also gives them a sense of what argument will be made about that issue. She demands more money than was originally agreed upon and when Holden refuses to pay he is beaten by her pimp, Maurice despite her encouraging him to simply threaten the money out of him and leave. To Holden, these women, since they are nuns, are an example of purity. Coming at the ending of a novelin which falling figures so prominently, the happiness that befalls Holden in this scene must be seen to suggest that to fall-in general, and contrary to conventional notions-is indeed a blessing. When he boasts of his date with Jane, Holden picks up a fight with him, and it ends up injuring both.
He agrees to her and gets ready while he waits, but by the time she arrives he instead asks if they can talk for a while. Confusing moments in a work of literature are like a loose thread in a sweater: if you pull on it, you can unravel the entire thing. With this sudden downpour, the carousel scene becomes paired with the scene that Holden described earlier in which he makes a visit with his family to Allies grave 201-02. This reveals one of the major themes of the novel. The italics show where a person may place a sigh or an emphatic volume change or otherwise add weight to a word of dialogue. Remember that the narrator and the author are not the same thing! Other critics have regarded the final carousel scene as less clear-cut, but have viewed its ambiguity as cause for complaint. There are dozens of satirical comments and observations in the book.
As he watches Phoebe sleep, Holden projects his own idealizations of childhood onto her. If it fascinated you, chances are you can draw on it to write a fascinating essay. Thus, Ichthys in Holden's Christmas story represents not a traditional Christ but rather a Jungian version of an ambivalent Christ. Because he is always in his own head, the majority of his his problems are also in his head. Characterization Phoebe Caulfield: Holden's younger sister. The Catcher in the Rye is about a week or two that the maincharacter; Holden Caufield spends figuring out his life in a deepbut humerous way, after he is kicked out of Pencey school. The book is also full of symbolism.
Epiphany Holden's epiphany is completed when he sees Phoebe on the carousel horse. Glossary of Literary Terms antagonist The entity that acts to frustrate the goals of the protagonist. What book are you discussing? This is an amazing bookthat makes you long to just live in the moment, I stronglyencourage you to read it. By the end of the novel, he finds Antolini still encouraging him to live a normal life. Studies of Salinger would benefit, too, from a broadened theoretical perspective. Under depression, he rides with different cab drivers, lying to all and pretending to be an important person. He is sixteen, gets admission in different schools after Pencey Prep but is expelled from each school.
. Holden furthermore reveals that his favorite book is D. I'm not too crazy about sick people, anyway. Character 9 Maurice Working as an elevator operator, Maurice meets Holden when he visits his hotel. Debate Is the society depicted in good for its citizens? Elements of setting include location, time period, time of day, weather, social atmosphere, and economic conditions. At one point he ends up at a museum, where he contrasts his life with the statues of Eskimos on display. Now working in the New York University, Mr.
This time, Holden left it. His death due to leukemia at the prime age of eleven impacts Holden very deeply. Furthermore, in the devices by which Salinger connects the novel to the real world-the phonograph record, James Castle, and the carousel itself21-we recognize the creative principle implicit in the underlying unity of opposites. Soon after, however, falling takes on a positive aspect when Holden faints and falls to the floor in the museum lavatory. The man falling isn't permitted to feel or hear himself hit bottom. He has been his roommate at Pencey Prep.
Thus as we witness the carouselin the novel, we are conscious of its Phoenix-like rebirth from the burnt carousel that was its precursor inreality. Trivial items such as bathrobes and illnesses typically do not depress a person. One of the main symbols is Holden's red hunting hat which symbolizes Holden's isolation from other people and his search for something, besides Phoebe, which is meaningful in his life. If there's ever another war, I'm going to sit right the hell on top of it. Another typical mistake student writers make is extolling the work or author. Using this, Holden lets the reader know why he is depressed in a indirect way. Holden's comfort is upset when he wakes up in the night to find Mr.
Most of the novel is an internal monologue, in which he analyzes events, provides the reader with his opinion on certain things, and evaluates his life. Phoebe Caulfield is Holden's little sister. It is a good book, but includes pro … fanity and some sexual situations. Loneliness is the emotional manifestation of the alienation Holden experiences; it is both a source of great pain and a source of his security. Simile: A comparison that shows similarities between two different things. You don't think them fish just die when it gets to be winter, do ya? Ducks are a symbol for the homeless condition of Holden. Instead, Holden is a teenager who is unwilling to grow up and mature.
However, by rendering the carousel within his novel as the site of the great joy that Holden finds while watching his sister 275 , Salinger locates renewal and rebirth within destruction, changingthe news from sad to happy. There, he spends an evening dancing with three tourist girls and has a clumsy encounter with a prostitute ; his attitude toward the prostitute a girl his own age changes the minute she enters the room, and after he tells her he just wants to talk, she becomes annoyed with him and leaves. She says she likes to spread out. What topic will you be addressing? One essay prompt might ask you to compare and contrast two characters, while another asks you to trace an image through a given work of literature. For more on the parts of literary works, see the at the end of this section. Literary Elements Salinger uses first person point of view to help the reader understand what Holden is going though. However, although this time Holden tries to catch Phoebe literally, his prey eludes him.