Journalism in Nigeria: Issues and perspectives. The conflicts are sometimes so intense that they have turned into wars in different parts of the country, and they range from the Kano revolt 1980 , Bulunktu Bisarre 1982 , Kastina crises 1999 , Samfara conflict, Kaduna revolt, Bauchi crises and Sokoto 1999. There is a notorious Christian tradition of organising mass crusades and revivals on public high ways or properties adjoining the high ways. Umar Ibn Khattab the second caliph said when sending troops to the battle field. From time immemorial, religious bigots have attempted to legitimise violence in the name of God. He has refused to oppose the introduction of sharia, even though it is clearly at odds with Nigeria's secular constitution.
Obasanjo, who the West backed to the hilt, has held out promises of investment and devolved power to the various local elites. It could be taken as a repeated choice of what has been neither lost nor neglected. These situations remain potential triggers of religious violence. A case of the North: Boko Haram Between 1999 and 2013, numerous conflicts have been witnessed in Nigeria. The Washington quarterly, 25 3 , pp.
Moreover, Boko Haram has captured a territory in and around Borno state in the Northeast part of Nigeria in 2014. The same incidence occurred in Maiduguri, in Potiskun and other Northern towns and cities. Consequently, the complete absence of a post-Maitatsine engagement, such as the rehabilitation of combatants or de-radicalisation programmes for the remnants of its cadres, led to the gradual but sustained incubation of its trace elements into more organised radical mass groups. The use of audio and video preaching in public places is not less provocative. This article presents, as a point of departure, an analytical inquiry into the immediate and visible factors that have triggered religious conflicts in the country. The crisis originated from the killing of a Hausa woman by the Oro Masqueraders for violating traditional rites.
Recent reports have indicated that Nigeria has arrested two Britons and 10 Nigerian citizens for trying to bribe military officers to facilitate oil theft. In Nigeria therefore, there appears to exist a contentious interaction of politics, ethnicity and religions, which has resulted in an increased sense of belonging and militancy. Â Their clamour for all round sharia system of government is not realizable even in the North. Inter-religious conflicts Inter-religious conflicts in Nigeria form part of the dynamics of identity politics. Other recent ethno-religious conflicts include the July 1999 conflict among the Oro cultists in Sagamu in Ogun state who claimed that the Hausa women had come outside when the cultists were outside with their gnome. Journal of Peace Research, 38 6 , pp. The uninhibited playing of these cassettes in public places, particularly the transmission of disparaging messages or accounts of conversion by new converts, have often attracted the outrage of opposing religious groups.
Oritsejafor proffers solution on religious crisis. The group which was founded in 2002 in Maiduguri did not become militant until 2009 when its leader was captured and killed by the Nigerian army. Naturally, the psycho-social description of man shows him as genetically selfish, fighting for his own interest alone. During these interactions and in the first few years after independence in 1960, the jarring effects of arbitrary colonial unification manifested as seemingly irreconcilable differences of aspirations, priorities, and visions. One of these causes is the clashing interests of those in authority.
It tells us we have a different view to life, faith and love for our country. The Kano Riot of 1 May 1953 was the beginning of a series of violence against non-muslims inspired by bigotry. It will make central political power less attractive and less corrupt and contests over national political offices less contentious. More than 90 persons were reportedly killed, several churches and police stations torched. In apparent compliance with this inflexible religious commandment, Islamic fundamentalists of the Wahhabi extraction react violently to any act or omission considered as a violation of the sharia; notwithstanding the fact that other religious groups have a corresponding legal right to the same act s. The significant growth in human development in the Middle-Eastern states of United Arab Emirates and Qatar, and in Malaysia, among others, eloquently testifies to this assertion. There is a considerable population of Muslims in the South, especially in the Southwest, and a sizeable number amongst the Benin in Edo State.
Ethnicity is natural in almost all societies made up of more than one ethnic group. Therefore, of the two major ethnic groupings in the country, the Yoruba are more likely to identify themselves with their ethnic group than are the Northern Hausa-Fulani Lewis and Bratton 2000:20; Osaghae and Suberu 2005:11. A history of identities, violence, and stability. Daily Champion, 21 January 2010. In this article however, the focus is on the immediate and visible factors that generate religious violence rather than the remote precipitating and other social factors that animate it. The crises caused violent ripple effects that spread beyond Kaduna and Jos Enukora 2005:633. Hundreds of thousands of lives were lost leaving behind them so many orphans and widows, many were maimed and wounded, private and public property worth millions of naira were damaged.
These are Hausa and Fulani 29% , Yoruba 21% , Igbo 18% , Ijaw 10% , Kanuri 4% , Ibibio 3,5% , and Tiv 2,5% Central Intelligence Agency 2016. This is caused by the fact that different religious and ethnic groups have varying benefits in which case some groups will have their interests met while others will not. Between 1999 and 2013, more than 11 000 deaths have occurred as a result of more than five hundred incidents of communal violence. Religious identity Nigeria is the most crowded African country with a population of about 182 million by 2015 World Population Prospects 2015:21. Lewis states that civilian governments supposedly promote the creation of an ethnic politicisation and political schism. That we may be one: the Autobiography of Ambassador Jolly Tanko Yusuf. Properties worth several millions of naira were destroyed and an unspecified casualty reported.