In 2010, the country was devastated by a massive earthquake. Some authors organize the theories along the scientific disciplines which are basic for the analysis and differentiate between economic theories, sociological theories, demographic theories, climate theories, etc. Inexporable inevitable historical forces marxist explanation of the cause of revolution Revolution is unstoppable; force resulting from class inequality. Article shared by Underdevelopment is the state of an organization e. The developing countries are also called the Third World countries. Moreover, whatever industrial development that has been achieved by these countries are very much restricted only to some limited areas.
The small scale industry has also been ignored. This has resulted lack of capital formation and which is again responsible for low rate of investment in these countries. Social Peculiarities: High illiteracy rate, male dominated society, joint family system, fatalism, lack of entrepreneurship, casteism, communalism, widespread child labour, etc. The basic reason for the concentration of people and production in agricultural and other primary production activities in developing countries is the simple fact that for the low income levels, the first priority is for food, clothing and shelter. Political Instability :- In the under developed countries political condition is also not favorable. Heavy borrowing from other countries. India is a country of vast natural resources.
Historically, an example of a semi-periphery would be Spain and Portugal, who fell from their early core position, but still manage to retain influence in Latin America. More than 20% of the national income will be channelized for investment. A cultural and institutional theory defends the idea that to promote development, sociocultural and institutional action the state are necessary. Poor and improper utilisation may be due to various reasons, like inaccessibility, lack of technical knowledge, shortage of capital and limited markets. Factor that affect the underdevelopment in Nigeria is that corruption and unemployment.
There are other causes as well, such as foreign ownership of the country's resources, bu … t education is the most important. Basic needs like food, clothing, housing, education and medical facilities are not available. Population Pressure :- In the under developed countries the size of population is greater than the size of natural resources. Bankers of the dominant nation tend to receive more control of the world's financial resources. This permits a bottleneck mechanism to extend the field of induced investment and foment decision making and new investments. Different positions in development policy are based on differences in underlying development theories. These are following : 1.
High growth rates, but extreme inequality of wealth. The capital deficiency is also reflected in the form of low rate of capital formation. Over time, they also incorporated feminist groups and broadened there concerns to gender inequality, domestic abuse, and spousal relationships. Underutilization of resources: The natural resources of the underdeveloped economy are either unutilised or under-utilised. The affected country portrays the following characteristics: 1. Lack of Proper Market: Underdeveloped countries are also suffering from lack of properly developed market. The sharp differences in productivity between developed and underdeveloped nations can be traced to the level of technology in these countries.
The degree of industrialisation is taken as the criterion. These ideas were defended by Hans W. Authoritarianism: a form of government or political system controlled by non elected leaders who usually permit some degree of individual freedom. Results: provided skilled well paid jobs. Unexploited Natural Resources and Others.
Peasant:family farmers who work on small plots and maintain traditional lifestyles that is distinct from city dwellers. The underdeveloped countries do not reveal all the features of underdevelopment. Underdeveloped countries are the ones which could not develop tothe full potential. The active labour force has to support almost twice as many children as it does in richer countries, population has been growing in Third World countries in the range of 2 to 3. Is there a backlash against culture.
This is a drawback to rapid economic development. What is … going on? According to Planning Commission estimates, India's but poverty rate was 54. Developed countries usually have a large percentage of thepopulation engaged in manufacturing and industry. Low levels of productivity 3. It makes them more efficient in their present jobs.
Is this a better measurement than only literacy rate? Therefore, developing nation should detach from developed nation and stand alone for their development. For others, it is a product of history, stressing the economic exploitation inherited from colonization, and solving it by means of adapting to modernity its economic and social structures. Features of Under development: Image Source: polosbastards. In the same sense, the U. In the 21st century, nations like China, India, Brazil and South Africa are usually considered semi-periphery Arrighi G. E,S,P underdevelopment are closely related, but not perfectly coralated with each other. .
From that point,many people in today post comunist counrties do not know and do not want to overtake a risk that every business brings The most common cause of underdevelopment in a country is lack of education. The system was a killer for anyone wanted to be better and to know more then an average person. Problem: Allows questional governments to be classified as democracies. The pace of economic growth in these countries is very slow due to application of poor technologies. Lenin and prolonged by Rudolphe Hilferding. Unemployment and Underemployment: Unemployment is a phenomenon of all economies whether developed or underdeveloped. Proponents of world-systems analysis see the world stratification system the same way viewed class ownership versus non-ownership of the means of production and viewed class which, in addition to ownership, stressed occupational skill level in the production process.