But the unified monarchy was reestablished during the Middle Kingdom period, during which Egyptian settlements spread southward into what is now the Sudan, setting origins for the later African kingdom of Kush. Both Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt became known as some of the most powerful and influential civilizations known. Egypt has the huge Mediterranean Sea as one boundary while the other boundary was a huge desert. The two cultures are much different from each other. Early settlers used the land for farming. Egypt spent most of its history as a unified monarchy, whereas Mesopotamia seems to have begun as a collection of city-states known as Sumeria and continued to be dominated by a pair of mutually hostile powers: Assyria and Babylon. The invention of irrigation helped to control floods and feed the crops throughout the growing season, and the reliance on farming led to the creation of polytheistic religions with many gods and goddesses based on nature.
Throughout this essay, I will be comparing and contrasting these two prominent ancient civilizations. I felt as though there were a lot of things…. Their writing system, social structure and classes and way of leadership all differed from Mesopotamia. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt grew up in river valleys. Egyptian civilization and a fundamental Mesopotamian culture lasted far longer than the civilizations that came later, in part because of relative isolation within each respective region and because of the deliberate effort to maintain what had been achieved, rather than experiment widely. A glance at the these factors will give us a better understanding of a couple of the first societies or civilizations that occurred before people today. The government ordered the citizens to.
First and foremost, Ancient Egypt has two pieces of land called the ´black land´ and the ´red land´. It was important to maintain healthy relationships with the gods to ensure the best harvests, and therefore the best chance for survival. On the other hand, Mesopotamia was built in the fertile area between Tigris and Euphrates River. Both the Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Greeks practiced polytheism. Both the Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic.
Egypt emphasized strong central authority, while Mesopotamian politics shifted more frequently over a substructure of regional city-states. Besides Mesopotamia, another civilization arose in northeastern Africa, along the Nile River. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were two river valley civilizations, and were very important to the beginning of mankind in the historic-era. Egypt and Mesopotamia both created their own form of writing. Farming had been developed along the Nile by about 5000 B. Though at this point, Mesopotamia and Egypt seem very different, they still have many similarities. It is concluded that in Egyptian society women were given more importance to.
For both ancient civilizations religion was an important part of daily life. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt grew up in river valleys. Egypt and Mesopotamia are two primary models of complex and unique societies that established to be both prosperous and effective. It was also in this period that the pharaoh Akhenaton tried to impose a new monotheistic religion, reflecting some foreign influence, but his effort was renounced by his successor Tutankhamen, who restored the old capital city and built a lavish tomb to celebrate the return to the traditional gods. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt grew up in river valleys.
Mesopotamia was often flooded because of their bad geography, but the land around the Nile river was built well so the Egyptians didn 't have to worry about the river flooding as often. The educational system was only available for wealthy, upper class boys, who learned to write and went. Hieroglyphics, though more pictorial than Sumerian cuneiform, were based on simplified pictures of objects abstracted to represent concepts or sounds. The almighty pharaoh could authorize community projects, like the building of monumental pyramids. Egypt also had very good soil for growing crops because of the minerals from the Nile river. This is where the Giza pyramids came from - they were built as very large tombs that were stocked with food, jewelry, tools, and even servants.
The Mesopotamian women had little impact on their society, while certain Egyptian women were able to gain highly influential positions in their society. So here we are to compare and contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia. But, the variable of location also takes place; once the basis of the civilizations were built, they branched off and continued to progress according to their own specific needs, which explains why the differences of the two lay in detail to the economy, intellect, government, and religion. Another difference the two civilizations had was their technology. Also, socially, they were different in their attitudes towards religion, with Mesopotamians lacking the relationship with gods and goddesses and Egyptian people having a relationship with their gods. Both had many cultural and political differences between them.
Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! Most historians seem to believe the primary reasons were food- a. Although cuneiform was used in Mesopotamia and hieroglyphics were used in ancient Egypt, and they looked pretty different from each other, both have allowed us to gain a better understanding of these two ancient civilizations. Kings, with the help of a local council, ruled the numerous city-states that made up Mesopotamia. As a result, everyone that could afford to spent their time alive preparing to be dead. One major technology that developed independently in both civilizations was a form of record-keeping, more commonly known to us today as writing. Although Egypt and Mesopotamia were both early agricultural societies built upon the water provided by the major rivers which sustained them, they exhibited important differences as a consequence of the different physical environments in which they developed. Extra food meant that, for the first time in human history, not everyone had to hunt or work for people to survive.
Egypt and Mesopotamia had similarities and differences pertaining to their political and social structures. However, the Chinese empire could also be overthrown if they were a bad ruler. Ancient Egypt, Ancient history, Euphrates 1533 Words 6 Pages diversity. In order… 1530 Words 7 Pages The rise of civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia occurred around the same time and the environment and natural forces affected the similarities and differences in social, political, and economic stability. Since these kings did not have access to an entire empire, they did not hold as much power as the pharaoh of Europe was able to acquire. Egyptians ultimately developed a new material to write on, papyrus, which was cheaper to manufacture and use than clay tablets or animal skins and allowed the proliferation of elaborate record keeping.
You can see how much they paid respect to women as they have many powerful goddesses in religions as well. The governments of both the civilizations were political monarchies, with a kind in Mesopotamia and a Pharaoh in Egypt. However, these rivers were different. Ancient Egypt, Ancient Egyptian religion, Ancient Greece 812 Words 3 Pages Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia both developed in river valleys. The Greek city-states also constantly fought each to gain power over all of Greece. The pillar of Egyptian culture was not science, however, but religion, which was firmly established as the basis of a whole world view. Many students dread history classes; however, these mandated history classes have purpose.