All these virtues interrelate, and we need to learn about that. Remember the three Theological virtues: Faith, Hope, and Charity? Both are operative habits which have God as their efficient cause and the perfection of man as their final cause. However, the command includes more: not only should you forgive your assailant, but also, out of joy, out of Love, out of Holy Spirit, and without fear of any kind or for any reason, seek to make your assailant good. And two wonderful phrases: Pride is the form of all the vices. The chariot is generally understood to represent the holy church, with the women on left and right representing the theological and cardinal virtues respectively. Lewis makes a subtle distinction between behavior and intention.
I shall deal with the Theological ones later on: at present I am talking about the four Cardinal virtues. The difference that we see today is thanks to one man: Friedrich Nietzsche. You have to work to develop and maintain these moral virtues. The result will be a moral life as beautiful as a symphony! And since the divine Artist made icons of these virtues and gifts in the saints, I will assign to each gift a saint who exemplifies it. A love of the vice of fear. These emotions assist us when the good by which we are touched and which we then desire is difficult to attain, or when the evil by which we are touched and from which we seek to move is hard to avoid. In order to become virtuous -in order to develop good habits- I need a teacher in whose life I can see the virtues or good habits manifested and exemplified.
What difference does Jesus make? That is a very grave error to make that distinction that way. We can even use it in public schools. In other words, any thoughtful human being must come to terms with the rationally discoverable truth that, in order for morality in this universe in which we live to make ultimate sense, God the Provident Creator must be the ultimate Good. It teaches us to give what is due to God and what is due to our neighbor. George Grant in Process Toronto: Anansi, 1978 90 - 98. We possess fortitude when ridicule, threats, or persecution do not prevent us from doing what is right; it is a refusal to give in to discouragement and the ability to continue in perseverance. Pride was seen by St.
The Catholic Church has always understood that 'the secular' simply means 'in the world', or 'of the times'. The ultimate why or good, we think -whether consciously or unconsciously- is the source of happiness. Charity, on the other hand is for ever. While lawful authorities may justly punish evildoers, our concern as individuals is with respecting the rights of others, particularly when we owe them a debt or when our actions might restrict the exercise of their rights. There is a very important point to be noted here. Much of our learning and education is to learn what words mean and the power of words as everyone, for good or ill, has learned through history, is an extremely important power to command. But why is that view wrong? All these cardinal virtues have been transformed, ultimately, by Christ; in the person of Christ.
While values describe what one might hold dear, virtue describes an ideal that people look up to and try to emulate. The virtues and the vices seem to mirror each other as positive and negative moral attitudes, so that medieval authors, with their keen predilection for parallels and oppositions, could conveniently set them against each other. I have set out for you some of the categories. How do I go about gaining the virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity? Let's suppose that you wanted to become a pianist. If Titus Livy could not convey the virtues of the Roman state, how could he instill the necessary sense of national pride in Rome? They assume it is telling them the reality of what is out the back window. Aquinas then stated that complete virtues are virtues that combine the two.
In contrast, when we are confronted by evil, we are repulsed -we experience the emotion of hatred. This phrase used by religious people all the time, more by Protestants than Catholics, but used all the time, 'so-and —so is an unbeliever' 'so-and-so is a believer' is true if we are speaking very carefully about belief in Christ, or belief in Christianity. Connected to justice are the virtues of , piety, and gratitude. The journalist interviewed various people who had left the church while young, but later brought their own children back. When we were discussing that point, you may not have noticed it, but we arrived at that conclusion on the basis of reason alone. Why might some Christians not think that prudence is a virtue? One cannot be very moral without prudence. This article also appears in St.
Both are operative habits which have God as their efficient cause and the perfection of man as their final cause. It certainly cannot be a realm without faith see above though religious believers often speak of it as if it is. If there is time for questions, I'd be happy to entertain some. Are there any practices that can help me to deepen my love for God? Love is the jelly mould of all virtuous conduct. Thus, the martyrs are those in whom we see this gift most excellently, especially the women and children whose heroic constancy was so striking. In light of all the above, we can say that while the ultimate good is outside of and beyond ourselves and yet the source of happiness, happiness itself is within us -a quality of soul that results from attaining the ultimate good.
Simply, although they may not present prefect lists or theories, Aristotle and Aquinas give us the tools we need to lay a foundation. Hope ends, because by being in heaven we can no longer desire what we already possess. Both the theological and cardinal virtues can be infused and divinizing on account of the work of grace. One is this idea that grace perfects nature. I would like to say this though: This problem is so deep, right now, in all Western democracies, Canada and the United States amongst them, that when we have an issue like Euthanasia, and that issue goes through the courts, all the way up to the Supreme Court of Canada, how is it debated? Charity means friendship with God, a mutual love, as ultimately all love is mutual.