Non-verbal cues often communicate what is not said, and silence can have great meaning! For doing business it is really important to create a good partnership based on trust. Low-context people tend to view high-context people as sneaky, secretive and overly formal. No things are left unsaid and there is a huge dependency on what is actually said or written. The context and the body language are not that important in these countries. A person that favors a low context culture will appreciate the clarity in goals and expectations. Low-Context Cultures A low-context culture relies on explicit communication. This is because low-context cultures are generally short-term encounters of people who are open to outsiders.
Relationships are important and decisions are made based on how the relationship would be affected. He put forth how various cultures function and interact with each other as well as within themselves. On the right-hand side the Collectivistic way of communicating. In a low context culture the relationship is loose, it has wide networks and work is more important than relationships. High context refers to societies or groups where people have close connections over a long period of time. People make decision because of facts and information.
The virtual favours verbal over non-verbal communications. When speaker talks to the audience or listeners, speaker expects them to know these things and takes it for granted. He differentiated between them depending on five types of interactions observed in a society. Generally, high-context cultures prefer oral communications, while low-context cultures favor written communications. Understanding differences in communication styles aids intercultural communication and minimises miscommunication, conflict and offence.
Examples of high context cultures are Arab countries, many Asian countries, Latin America, and the Mediterranean. At the same time, for business purposes, initially it can be easier to communicate in low-context, as much of the information you will need to function will be formalized, written down and immediately available to you. Also the family is not as important as it is in countries like Japan or China. This is also common in business in China. Social structure and authority are centralized. Obviously answers from different people are not the same. Adding to this, the difference between high context cultures and low context cultures may create intercultural misunderstandings due to differences in speech patterns and differing levels of usage of indirect communication.
You can leave certain things unspoken. Similarly, Indian people speak in a loud and enthusiastic manner more so than Westerners and this can appear offensive. Privacy is important, so people stand farther apart. The concepts of high context and low context refer to how people communicate in different cultures. In an earlier post, I discussed what is and the difference with Collectivism.
Hall 1976 came to the field of cross-cultural analysis from the discipline of anthropology. Often one situation will contain an inner high context core and an outer low context ring for those who are less involved. In these societies, cultural behavior and beliefs may. Examination of these differences with reference to indwelling interactions enables us to classify cultures as being high-context and low-context, and the difference between them is explained here. Your family is probably an example of a high context environment. In low context communication the meaning of messages is in the verbal communication and emphasis is placed on explicit messages.
It is necessary for me to have a much deeper understanding of the culture, and how to identify such problems in an appropriate manner, if I want to be able to function here effectively. In a high context culture the relationships are deep, strong boundaries and relationship more important than work. High context communication means that much remains unsaid in a conversation. A bias within international communication is, that a lot of countries have different kinds of communication contexts. Many aspects of cultural behavior are not made explicit because most members know what to do and what to think from years of interaction with each other.
These concepts are covered during cross-cultural training programmes such as Communicating across Cultures and managing international teams. Whistling and Winking Whistling and winking is considered inappropriate as it is seen as an invitation for sex, as is being overly bold with a woman. This information includes values in the culture, which link members of the culture group and influence how they refer to their contexts when maintaining relationships. Aim of This Article It is generally. All link directly to the Amazon book store.
Change is slow, and time is a process that belongs to others and nature. High context communicators instead expect the listener to read between the lines. When communicating remember that indirect clues will not be enough to relay your message. When people of high context cultures communicate, it is not necessary for them to say everything explicitly. Recognize that giving opinions is respected, even to a person of a higher status. Be wary of this and ensure to not insult a high context speaker by emphasizing written agreements. Low context refers to societies where people tend to have many connections but of shorter duration or for some specific reason.