Karl Marx can be considered a great philosopher, social scientist, historian or revolutionary. In order to avoid a new proletarian defeat, it is indispensable that the theoretical restoration of Marxism must not wait until the third world conflict has already rallied the workers behind all their cursed flags which was the situation that confronted Lenin and necessitated his tremendous effort after 1914. Not only that, Stalin devalued the currency, instantly wiping out the savings of millions of people. It dealt with a number of questions in an entirely new way and was tremendously successful. They divulge the whole process of Lenin's thought when he was working through Hegel's chief works, they show how he applied the method of dialectical materialism to the study of Hegel, how closely he connected this study with a deep study of Marx's sayings, with the ability of converting Marxism into a guide to action in the most varied circumstances. The Party as a vanguard of the Revolution Since the proletariat's cannot carry it's own revolution, Lenin believed a centeralised and disciplined party should rule carry it out on their behalf This party was to remain small as to hide from the secret police and was to include intellectuals who will further the interests of industrial workers.
At the end of the 19th century, a handful of banks had come to dominate the advanced countries, which, by 1914, had in their respective empires brought the rest of the world under their direct or indirect controls. Marx believed that the bourgeoisie could rule only so long as it best represented the economically productive forces of society and that when it ceased to do so it would be destroyed and replaced and eventually this cycle would continue until there was a virtually classless society. Marx did, to be sure, follow the class struggles in Russia with great interest, but he argued that it would depend very much on the further course of industrialisation in Russia, on the one hand, and the ability of the Russian peasantry to create its own communist communities - following on from age-old traditions - that might make a communist revolution possible in Russia. After the third revolutionary wave, continental Europe will have become Communist politically and socially, or the last Marxist will have disappeared. Sorry for the long answer but I wanted to give you some background information: Karl Marx never lived to see socialism of any type in operation in any country. This fact shows us how much weaker owing to the backwardness of Germany in 1848, economically and politically -- absence of state unity were the proletarian features of the movement in the German democratic revolution, the proletarian streak in it. The reforms made in agriculture successfully resulted in a return to prewar output by 1924-27, however the concessions also made it difficult to encourage the transport of grain to the inner cities to feed the growing urban population.
And that, effectively, was all - with the failure and betrayal of the proletarian revolution in Europe, present-day Russia has fallen into capitalist barbarism. The war was therefore imperialist in its origins and aims and deserved the condemnation of genuine Socialists. Religion and Orthodox Church Religion was seen as little than an alternative ideology, which was used as a method of social control to uphold the old regime. But, this term is not scientifically defined as capitalism and state are different things. I disagree about class consciousness from without.
In the West we tend to use the label Marxism-Leninism interchangeably with communism. Lenin adapted Marxist theory, claiming that a socialist revolution in Russia was possible if the capitalist-democratic phase was bypassed. The method by which he studied the works of Marx and Engels, and revolutionary practice, all the circumstances of the epoch of proletarian revolutions, helped Lenin to convert just the revolutionary side of Marx into a real guide to action. Those who control capital essentially control society, while exploiting the workers to increase profit. Human emancipation required the material transformation of society rather than a mere change in consciousness.
People engage in conflict everyday to gain more power then others in society. Because of this, there were still various important sectors of the economy still controlled by the state such as transport and heavy machinery that worked alongside the new private sector. If the Russian revolution should inspire the western European proletariat to make the Socialist revolution, for which industrial Europe was ripe, the Russian revolution might well pass over directly to the second stage, the Socialist revolution. It is they who in excusing the ways which Russia was «obliged» to take because of pretendedly particular circumstances and local conditions, reveal the disgusting shame that is aroused in them by these great names which they make a big show of praising. Once in control, he stamped out opposition to his Marxist policies by ruthless means using the army, his secret police and other methods. For those gentlemen who parade in front of Lenin's stupid mausoleum on November 7th, oxygen is that capitalism should continue to feast in the rest of the world so that they can continue to co-exist and fornicate with it.
After the defeat of the Whites, the peasants no longer had to make that choice. Chautemps himself, differ from the present-day Soviet state not in substance, but only by a less efficient exploitation of the Marxist ideology. Marxism-Leninism is often regarded as synonymous with communism. In the Russia of today, only that part of agriculture organised into sovkhoses, which is the smallest part, is at this stage; the rest is still more backward. The way in which Lenin worked over Marx is a lesson in how to study Lenin himself.
A utopian society without classes, divisions of wealth, exploitation or suffering. There is one more side of Lenin's study of Marx which must be mentioned owing to its great significance. You have to take into account the alternatives to soviet system. Our workers' movement developed under the banner of Marxism. Thesis: Lenins's analysis represents a rupture with Marx's.
The writings of John Locke soon became famous in England and throughout Europe. From my current knowledge of Soviet history, Lenin hoped to change a formerly Tsarist and predominantly peasant-based society and economy into a socialist variation. Lenin insisted that the terms, however ruinous and humiliating, must be accepted or he would resign from the government. And while the Frankfurt liberators chattered, the monarchy bided its time, strengthened its military forces, and counter-revolution, relying on real force, overthrew the democrats with all their beautiful decisions. It was written in the period when Lenin had taken up once more seriously the study of philosophy, in connection with his divergencies with Bogdanov, when the issues of dialectical materialism called for his special attention.
Mehring gives these people a good lesson. For this reason, I had suggested you use a different theory suitable for socialist societies having transient forms and contents. The quest for greater profits, according to Marx, has made the bourgeoisie greedy and exploitative. Lenin treated this work very seriously indeed. Theories which are seemingly suitable for a capitalist society and state cannot be applied to it.