Most library systems allow you to search by title, author, or subject headings, and most are cross-referenced. A direct quote or observation from a person living in the time, place or situation you are researching will tend to be more impressive when compared with a quote from a secondary source. You can find books by looking down the of books for that topic, asking a librarian, or using the library catalogue, if there is one. To determine if your information source is a valid secondary source, ask yourself the following questions: How does the author know about the subject? Stay focused and never leave anything to the last minute. Make sure to distinguish between general interest magazines and professional journals; this is an important distinction in college-level research. Creative works include songs, plays, works of literature, and film. Sources is always a good places to start, but you can also try words such as correspondence or diaries.
This means that their websites are potentially full of images of art, documents, artifacts, and recordings that you can browse through. The rest are bound together in collections, usually by year. Go through your secondary and tertiary sources. Contains more than 1,200 law and law-related periodicals. Scholarly or other articles about a topic, especially by people not directly involved.
By their nature, secondary sources are written after an event takes place. However, when you are summarize or paraphrase, you record ideas as opposed to exact language; the language is yours. Find some useful statistics to aid your research. Sure, some of those papers will be interesting. Get down any facts, and make detailed notes from a variety of sources, as long as your notes are completely in your. Sources come in many forms, such as magazine and journal articles, books, newspapers, videos, films, computer discussion groups, surveys, or interviews. Be sure to write down the page number that you are working from in case you want to refer back to it.
Journals are written by and for professionals in various fields and will provide you with in-depth, specific information. Search for important figures from the period as authors last name, first name in the. If you click on the resulting term, you will see a list of all items in Randall Library that have been given that classification - including, for example,. Examples include: Letters, manuscripts, diaries, rare books, historical photographs, first-hand accounts or documentary sources on a subject, person, event or issue; newspapers written at the time of an event, song, or film from time period, historical maps, government reports or data, etc. This does not mean that data from primary sources are always the best data. Is the author interpreting or analyzing or discussing an event that happened? A secondary source, on the other hand, interprets primary sources, taking several different primary sources and analyzing them to make their own arguments. Look up articles, facts and primary sources for research papers, class projects or homework.
Starting here helps you get your bearings in the subject. Finally, if you're reading an article that isn't primary research but is peer reviewed and on your topic, chances are the authors will mention research done by others and include some primary research articles in the references section of the article you're reading. Designed with students and educators in mind. For some papers or projects it may be important to view the original object but for others a primary source that has been scanned and is online is acceptable. To see an example, read more specific information, and work with exercises, check out Summaries and Paraphrases. If you do quote from a video, be sure to cite it properly.
Was the author present at the scene when the event took place? How do I know what type of source I need? You have all these sources from the past right at your fingertips. An abstract is like an index with a brief description of the article's content added. Primary Sources Secondary Sources Artwork Article critiquing the piece of art Diary Book about a specific subject Interview Biography Letters Dissertation Performance Review of play Poem Treatise on a particular genre of poetry Treaty Essay on a treaty Adapted from Bowling Green State University, Library User Education,. Find the correct subject heading or keyword to search for articles. This way you can take the note cards and organize them later according to the way you want to organize your paper. However, a simple Google search is going to give you a lot of websites that may not be so legitimate. One big tip for using interlibrary loan: the librarian will need full and specific information to order the material.
Periodicals Magazines including Time or Newsweek are called periodicals as they are published periodically weekly, monthly, etc. To search more specifically for your topic, try searching for the topic plus archives, primary sources, or digital collection. And since you are going to make some historical arguments in your history essay, you need primary sources. Another place to check is. Other reference books abound e.
The first-hand account and the psychiatrist's case study are primary sources, written by people who have directly experienced or observed the situation themselves. If you are studying Abraham Lincoln, try to find some letters he himself wrote. They are great places to start. You will need to search much the way you would on the library database computers--simply type in key words or authors or titles, and see what the computer comes up with. .
Seasoned scholars could do just as well with the Library of Congress site, being fully aware of the many search terms and combinations one must use to find the complete range of documents related to a particular subject. Image from Appleton Daily Post via Wikimedia Commons 4. Properly researching your paper can seem like a mammoth task, but it's not nearly as daunting if you break it down into steps. If you want to know about teeth, for example, who would you consult — a dentist or a hockey player? To find these collections, you can use the search box on the , but definitely also contact the or. So, if you are looking for information on say, the Civil War, and think that some older sources might be useful to you, be sure to ask the librarian if the library still maintains their card catalog.
This article has also been viewed 187,348 times. For example, if you are researching Franklin Roosevelt's life, the book by Doris Kearns Goodwin would be a secondary source. HeinOnline also contains many useful resources for criminology, and public and international affairs, such as the Congressional Record Bound volumes in entirety, complete coverage of the U. Internet research can be time consuming. Primary sources are the evidence of history, original records or objects created by participants or observers at the time historical events occurred or even well after events, as in memoirs and oral histories.