It also expanded the Cold War, which to that point had mostly been concerned with Europe. Like Thailand however, this must be viewed against a story offairly high economic growth. Its generous support of war-torn nationsoften prevented Communists or Communist-supporte … d parties fromgaining control in various European and other nations. Though many Americans opposed the use of nuclear weapons, because of the Cold War and the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union , many technological advances that we take for granted today were created. Wide amounts of automobiles were made, there was the expansion of highways, motels, and restaurants. Lesson Summary The Cold War was a forty-year conflict between communism and capitalism that was fought across the globe.
This resulted in a high number of people getting killed. Further reading The seminal work on the effects of the Cold War on developingcountries is Odd Arne Westad's ' The Global Cold War '. Arms, money and other forms of supportflowed, and the picture was and still is complicated further bythe resource-rich nature of many of the countries involved. In , Bond was an American agent working with the British to destroy a ruthless Soviet agent in France, but became more widely known as Agent 007, James Bond, of Her Majesty's Secret Service, who was played by until 1971 and by several actors since. The problem was that there was very little external pressure on South Africa to change.
Although, there was a constant fear of war between the two countries. The logic of this was that if McCarthyists were accusing so many people of being communist agents, it could only be to divert attention from the real communists. We do know how we got this debt and the reason is the Cold War. Localized conflicts and tensions have replaced the former bilateral nuclear confrontation. Cultural battles between the superpowers had as much, or more, of an impact on the everyday lives of most American civilians than any other aspect of the Cold War.
The Soviet Union wanted to spread its communist ideology worldwide which alarmed the United States of America which supported democracy. The breakdown of state control in a number of areas formerly ruled by Communist governments has produced new civil and ethnic conflicts, particularly in the former Yugoslavia. In contrast, the Soviets preached egalitarianism among all citizens and portayed the West as being greedy and materialistic. Truman and the Origins of Fear The fear of communism began with the commencement of President Harry Truman's Loyalty Program in 1947, which called for allegiance to the United States by federal employees under the penalty of immediate termination. Defense information bulletins were prepared on a routine basis, and underground bunkers and fallout shelters were erected across the nation. Kennedy had to deal with the communist take-over in Cuba, the failure of the Bay of Pigs operation, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
The Federal Civil Defense Administration created the Duck and Cover film in order to show Americans the steps which needed to be taken in order to prepare for a nuclear attack. While the battle against communist subversion raged internationally throughout the 1940s and 1950s, the effects of the conflict were eventually felt on the home front. A policy known as the Truman Doctrine, promised countries that the United States would help them if they were struggling against Communism. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted. The Cold War also had very destructive impacts. Movements against communist governments in Eastern Europe followed this. Latin America felt a time of oppression and fear.
In open terrain deserts armies don't last very long. Much of this went to the lofty Strategic Defense Initiative and to military aid for American allies all over the world Foner 991. In response, a region of Nigeria that was facing ethnic and cultural persecution, called Biafra, declared its independence and attempted to secede in 1967. It was believed that for capitalism to be successful, and the American and world wide economy to recover, open markets were necessary. However, these wars did not have the decades long impact on American domestic and foreign policy that the cultural, political, and economic battles of the Cold War had.
While a political doctrine, containment resulted in American military intervention all over the world. The Korean and Vietnam Wars are important examples of military intervention by the Americans in the name of stopping communist expansionism. At Potsdam the tensions surfaced. In the wake of the Cold War, freed or newly founded nations inherited expenses, commitments, and resources for which they were not prepared. Millions of people, both civilians and military personnel, lost their lives in Korea, Vietnam and in other parts of the world where United States and Soviet Union proxy wars took place. Next to South Africa, the nation of Rhodesia had also been dominated by a white minority that controlled the government. Russian living standards have worsened overall in the post—Cold War years, although the economy has resumed growth since 1995.
This caused millions of people to become unemployed, furthering Russia's financial crisis. This is considering that both nations had a strong economy and were thus considered to be the super powers. Peace: A History of Movements and Ideas, Cambridge University Press, p. Bush declared the Cold War officially over. After Russia embarked on economic reforms in the 1990s, it suffered and a recession more severe than the United States and had experienced during the.