Motilal Nehru Special 1920 Kolkata Lala Lajpat Rai 35th 1920 Nagpur C. Kamaraj 70 th 1966,67 Jaipur K. Kamaraj 71 st 1968 Hyderabad S. He was the first prime minister from and the state of. He was one of the most vocal opponents of radicalism or extremism and was part of the moderates.
He resented the denial of freedom of expression for nationalists, and the lack of any voice or role for ordinary Indians in the affairs of their nation. He was also part of the Propaganda Committee of Congress. It hopes to develop think tanks of Overseas Indian's that will advise and focus on areas like Foreign Policy, Defense Analysis, Education, Agriculture etc. Moin Zaidi, Shaheda Gufran Zaidi, Indian Institute of Applied Political Research. Gandhi's abrupt nationalization of the 14 biggest banks in India, which resulted in the resignation of the finance minister, Morarji Desai. In November 1978, Gandhi regained a parliamentary seat. In the aftermath of the of 1962, and the formation of military ties between and Pakistan, Shastri's government expanded the defence budget of India's armed forces.
Prior to that, he had been the chief minister of for nine years. This period of oppression ended on 23 January 1977, when Gandhi released all political prisoners and called fresh elections for the Lok Sabha to be held in March. Archived from on 24 September 2015. Important resolutions were also passed in all the Congress Sessions. Some people used to it the Original Congress.
Published by Riverdale Company, 1988. Indira era 1966—1984 See also: ; ; ; and After Shastri's death, Congress elected Indira Gandhi as leader over. As time went by, the Congress changed its stance and apparently became the biggest opposition to the British government. The party is also organised into various committees, and sections; it publishes a daily newspaper, the. The second period began with economic liberalization in 1991. In general elections Year Legislature Leader Seats won Change in of seats Percentage of vote Vote swing Outcome 162 19. R Das 1923 Delhi Special session Abdul Kalam Azad youngest President 1924 Belgaon M.
In the initial years Congress sessions were limited to debates. This trend was personified by , considered by many as the eldest Indian statesman. With the approaching fast, Congress is leaving no stone unturned in a bid to make a comeback in the Central Power. He also served as the president of the Muslim League and was one of the founders of Jamia Millia Islamia University. With the 1952 election sweep, the Congress became India's main political party.
Rashbihari Ghosh 1908 Madras 25. Patel 46th 1932 Delhi Ranchod Lal Amrit Lal 47th 1933 Calcutta Nellie Sen Gupta 48th 1934, 35 Bombay Rajendra Prasad 49th 1936 Lucknow Jawaharlal Nehru 50th 1937 Faizpur Jawaharlal Nehru 51st 1938 Haripura Subhash Chandra Bose 52nd 1939 Tripuri Subhash Chandra Bose 53rd 1940, 41-45 Ramgarh Abul Kalam Azad 54th 1946 Meerut Acharya J B Kripalini All the Indian National Congress Sessions and Presidents after Independence: Congress Session Year Location President 55 th 1948, 49 Jaipur Dr Pattabhi Sitaraimayya 56 th 1950 Nasik Purushottam Das Tandon 57 th 1951, 52 Delhi Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru 58 th 1953 Hyderabad Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru 59 th 1954 Kalvani Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru 60 th 1955 Avadi U N Dhebar 61 st 1956 Amritsar U N Dhebar 62 nd 1957 Indore U N Dhebar 63 rd 1958 Gauhati U N Dhebar 64 th 1959 Nagpur U N Dhebar 64 th 1959 Delhi Indira Gandhi 65 th 1960 Bangalore Neelam Sanjiva 66 th 1961 Bhavnagar Neelam Sanjiva 67 th 1962,63 Patna Neelam Sanjiva 68 th 1964 Bhubaneswar K. The second was by a knife-wielding rickshaw-puller in Maharashtra in 1955. . They believed, along with educationists like Zakir Husain and E W Aryanayakam, that education should be imparted in a manner that enables the learners also to be able to make things with their own hands and learn skills that would make them self-supporting.
He was campaigning in Tamil Nadu for upcoming parliamentary elections. The damaged his reputation as an honest politician, but he was posthumously cleared of bribery allegations in 2004. Manmohan Singh — Manmohan Singh has an immense contribution in lifting the country out of an economic morass in 1991 by an open economy. Other important delegates included Dadabhai Naoroji, Justice Ranade, Pherozeshah Mehta, K. M Malviya 1916 Lucknow A. Rashbihari Ghosh 1907 Surat 24. In its initial days, the party was not formed to demand independence from British rule.
He was a leading lawyer in the Bombay presidency and was knighted by the British government for his service. Under Rajiv Gandhi, small steps were taken to liberalize the economy. Congress as a mass movement Mahatma Gandhi spinning yarn, in the late 1920s Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa in 1915. Gradually, Indira Gandhi's politics and outlook grew more authoritarian and autocratic, and she became the central figure within the Congress Party. Sayani 13th 1897 Amraoti C. Bose's own differences centred on the place to be accorded to non-violent as against revolutionary methods. In 2004, when the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance came to power, its chairperson Sonia Gandhi unexpectedly relinquished the premiership to Manmohan Singh.
She had previously declined offers to become actively involved in party affairs, and had stayed away from politics. None of these Correct Ans. Thus it was now entirely up to Gandhi's Congress to show the way for the nation. Website made possible by the generous support of the. Traditionally, the post rotated between prominent members of the party, successive terms for the same person being frowned upon. In 1963 the Congress lost popularity following the defeat in the Indo-Chinese war of 1962.