Bullseye chart showing the flight range of Soviet-owned missiles based in Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Russians were aiming at influence by supporting the Cuban David against a Goliath too cowardly to strike in the daylight. The Foreign Ministers of the Organization of American States in their communiqu6 of October 3 rejected secrecy on such matters in this Hemisphere. The Soviet Union agreed to Bobby's proposal; shortly thereafter, Jack announced to the public that the United States would remove the blockade and not invade Cuba so long as the Soviet Union removed its missiles from the Communist nation. My fellow citizens, let no one doubt that this is a difficult and dangerous effort on which we have set out.
They contribute nothing to your peace and well being. Kennedy had to find a way to keep peace with the public yet deal with a drastically uncertain situation. Also, the techniques used in carrying out these addresses differed. Robert Kennedy … told the president he had to remove the missiles or be impeached. By a kind of devilish symmetry, the contemptuous manipulation of public opinion leads to a slavishness toward public opinion. Many months in which both our patience and our will will be tested -- months in which many threats and denunciations will keep us aware of our dangers.
And one path we shall never choose, and that is the path of surrender or submission. Should these offensive military preparations continue, thus increasing the threat to the hemisphere, further action will be justified. Kennedy made his public address to the nation regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis. While tensions were rising over the course of the Cold War, the public never expected that it would escalate to the point that it did where their safety was being jeopardized. In addition, jet bombers, capable of carrying nuclear weapons, are now being uncrated and assembled in Cuba, while the necessary air bases are being prepared.
And having now confirmed and completed our evaluation of the evidence and our decision on a course of action, this Government feels obliged to report this new crisis to you in fullest detail. Americans, unaware of all this, did not bother to ask themselves hard questions about the real purpose of the missiles in Cuba. Kennedy used simple and easy to listen to listings, to allow the people to know exactly what he would do to protect the United States; effectively creating a sense of security for the public. At 8:45 in the morning, he was shown a series of photographs documenting the installation of Soviet nuclear missiles in western Cuba. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. On Monday evening, October 22, Kennedy addressed the nation. It was a watershed moment for Soviet-American relations.
Which meant that we blinded ourselves to the only reason Castro accepted with some reluctance the Russian missiles. Each of these missiles, in short, is capable of striking Washington, D. Our other allies around the world have also been alerted. No one can foresee precisely what course it will take or what costs or casualties will be incurred. Sixth: Under the Charter of the United Nations, we are asking tonight that an emergency meeting of the Security Council be convoked without delay to take action against this latest Soviet threat to world peace.
The president said the missiles being placed could strike at any city in the United States which was not true , and implied that this was their purpose. Our unswerving objective, therefore, must be to prevent the use of these missiles against this or any other country, and to secure their withdrawal or elimination from the Western Hemisphere. In that sense missiles in Cuba add to an already clear and present danger-although it should be noted the nations of Latin America have never previously been subjected to a potential nuclear threat. There was no way for Americans to know—and, at that point, no Kennedy could bring himself to inform them—that Cuban protestations of a purely defensive purpose for the missiles were genuine. The fourteen- day phenomenon sent the United States government into a scramble to decide what they were to do, and how to go about doing so.
This quarantine will be extended, if needed, to other types of cargo and carriers. The United Nations Charter allows for regional security arrangements-and the nations of this Hemisphere decided long ago against the military presence of outside powers. In The Making of a Missile Crisis: October 1962, Herbert Dinerstein has established, from study of Russian materials, that the Soviet Union did not consider Latin America ripe for Communist influence until the Bay of Pigs failure. We will not prematurely or unnecessarily risk the costs of worldwide nuclear war in which even the fruits of victory would be ashes in our mouth; but neither will we shrink from that risk at any time it must be faced. Now your leaders are no longer Cuban leaders inspired by Cuban ideals. He also wanted to convey to the rest of the word that he sees these missiles as a threat to the security of his nation.
We will not prematurely or unnecessarily risk the costs of worldwide nuclear war in which even the fruits of victory would be ashes in our mouth-but neither will we shrink from that risk at any time it must be faced. Several of them include medium range ballistic missiles capable of carrying a nuclear warhead for a distance of more than 1,000 nautical miles. The significance of this event was that it had brought the world to the closest it could ever be to a nuclear war. We are not at this time, however, denying the necessities of life as the Soviets attempted to do in their Berlin blockade of 1948. This urgent transformation of Cuba into an important strategic base -- by the presence of these large, long-range, and clearly offensive weapons of sudden mass destruction -- constitutes an explicit threat to the peace and security of all Americas, in flagrant and deliberate defiance of the Rio Pact of 1947, the traditions of this nation and hemisphere, the joint resolution of the 87th Congress, the Charter of the United Nations, and my own public warnings to the Soviets on September 4 and 13.
The Soviets no longer had the threat of missiles in Turkey, the Cubans no longer had the threat of invasion, and the United States no longer had the threat of missiles in Cuba. This nation is opposed to war. The Russians had to live with the ignominy of hostile missiles right on their border. While these presidents were reporting on subjects which the public knew about somewhat Suez crisis and Gulf of Tonkin crisis , John F. This nation is opposed to war. Little challenges around our periphery of influence were being neglected, cumulative losses not redressed … John Kennedy had different teachers on the nature of power. We know that your lives and land are being used as pawns by those who deny your freedom.
Parents spoke in hushed tones about where they would go and what they would do if the worst came to pass. Kennedy had prepared in the event of a U. The Presidency and the rhetoric of foreign crisis. S was planning to put a naval blockade in Cuba and they wanted to remove all of the nuclear warfare from the area and prevent further creation of these missiles. He was the one who had to back down, admit his maneuver had failed, and take the heat from internal critics for his policy.