I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for law. King opens the letter with stating his position as President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference—an organization operating in every southern state that has affiliation with the Alabama Christian Movement for Human rights. I am grateful to God that, through the influence of the Negro church, the way of nonviolence became an integral part of our struggle. Thus it is that I can urge men to obey the 1954 decision of the Supreme Court, for it is morally right; and I can urge them to disobey segregation ordinances, for they are morally wrong. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 2: Despite the victories of the Civil Rights activists, discriminatory practices continued in many southern states. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws.
The fierce opposition to desegregation was highlighted in Mississippi. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained. New York: The New Press. While King writes about the effects and injustices of segregation, Beverly writes about the causes of self-segregation. But the latter consistently refused to engage in good faith negotiation.
At the time, it gave a singular, eloquent voice to a massive, jumbled movement. At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist. Extensive excerpts from the letter were published, without King's consent, on May 19, 1963, in the New York Post Sunday Magazine. It appeared that the Federal Government would only enforce the desegregation laws if a situation resulted in violence and riots. He used examples of well-known religious leaders and their successes throughout history to show his stance on civil rights and the need to change the way people viewed his race.
He believes segregation laws were unjust because it damages the personality and makes African American lives below the standards given to them by the Constitution. The Martin Luther King, Jr. The first group of whites he takes to task are those who call themselves 'moderate. King writes his letter from jail, as he and other African Americans have been arrested for protesting the segregation policies and overt racism in Birmingham; those protests violated an injunction on parading, demonstrating, boycotting, trespassing, and picketing. Negroes sought to negotiate with the city leaders, but they consistently refused to engage in good-faith negotiation.
He believes that Albert Boutwell—a segregationist and the mayor—will not take action in the massive resistance to desegregation without pressure through legal and nonviolent action. King replied directly to the clergymen, but used religious ties to also have his voice heard in the public. It is expressed in the various black nationalist groups that are springing up across the nation, the largest and best known being Elijah Muhammad's Muslim movement. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained. The letter is loosely structured by his response to what he saw as nine criticisms made against him and his movement in another letter, a Letter to the Editor of a Birmingham newspaper. The fundamental reason that King was in Birmingham was because there was inequality there.
King agrees to a point, but feels that there are just and unjust laws. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need. The letter was his… 1321 Words 6 Pages King. One day the South will recognize its real heroes. Helal Ahmed Professor Smith English 125 October 6, 2010 Summary of M. The method was dangerous—kids could get hurt—but also potentially very symbolically powerful: children were the beneficiaries of the movement; they represented the movement's hope for the future.
King began a series of nonviolent workshops where they would learn to accept blows without retaliation, and endure the ordeal of jail. Altogether, King's letter was a powerful defense of the motivations, tactics, and goals of the Birmingham campaign and the Civil Rights Movement more generally. There was a time when the church was very powerful--in the time when the early Christians rejoiced at being deemed worthy to suffer for what they believed. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother. King was met with unusually harsh conditions in the Birmingham jail. Small in number, they were big in commitment.
Never before have I written so long a letter. For there is the more excellent way of love and nonviolent protest. King used an approach to resolve issues in nonviolent manners. Letter from Birmingham Jail John F Kennedy was the 35th American President who served in office from January 20,1961 to November 22, 1963. King believed that we are all part of one large union; if something has an effect on one of us, has an effect on all of us. King was somewhat bewildered that the clergymen considered him to be an extremist.
The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. I have just received a letter from a white brother in Texas. Of course, this is not to suggest that Dr. For instance, King tells of the failure in negotiation with the government. At the beginning of this letter, King gives us the reason why he was in Birmingham. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 12: Martin Luther King, Jr. Two were extremists for immorality, and thus fell below their environment.
By the end of the day 959 children, had been arrested. King did not actually want white allies or that this is only a rhetorical tactic, but his restraint over a topic that clearly moved him is undeniable. Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatments in the streets and in the courts that are widely known. Towards the end of Kings letter; he exemplifies courageousness in the Negro demonstrations by relating them to the actions of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego when they refused to follow what they believed to be unjust laws. So I, along with several members of my staff, am here because I was invited here. This is the section of the 'Letter' with so many often-quoted examples of ways in which African Americans were suffering from racist attitudes and policies and 'why we find it difficult to wait.