Every effective argument or interpretation needs to be supported with facts, but you can support and develop a secondary claim so that the secondary claim then helps you prove the primary claim. However, do not be too creative in experimenting with the narrative flow of paragraphs. There are a number of useful techniques for expanding on topic sentences and developing your ideas in a paragraph. Transitions are needed within the paragraph. Without well-written paragraphs that flow logically from one idea to the next and that inform and help support in some meaningful way the central research problem being investigated, your paper will not be viewed as credible and, well, you'll probably receive a poor grade. Your aim now is to introduce your belonging in a and then that describe the item in detail.
Simply click on each image to download and print your own copy. However, chronological paragraphs are not only for instructional or historical data; they can also present a narrative or story. Created 2007 by Candice Chovanec Melzow. The presence of blood in the water may tempt the fish to attack. You develop the paragraph by telling events chronologically from start to finish. For an example of the use of both a primary claim and secondary claims in a paragraph, and for examples of both claims and supporting facts, see the web handout. Melton could not identify it, but a nearby fisherman did.
Do not give yourself many claims to prove in each paragraph. Other teachers in my building use the resources for their grade level as well. Supply reasons and other evidence facts, statistics, anecdotes, quotations to support your opinion. One North Carolina man found quite a surprise last year while fishing in the Catawba River: a piranha. Coherence of Ideas is What Matters, Not Length! The best overall strategy to enhance flow within a paragraph is to show connections.
Although this handout discussed the chronological approach to paragraph organization, there are many other methods you can use to organize information within a specific paragraph. Paragraph Development: A Guide for Students of English. These would be the same 8-year-olds who still can't figure out it's not a good idea to put your boots on before your snow pants. In this case, consider eliminating sentences that relate to the second idea, with the thought that maybe they don't really inform and help support the central research problem, or split the paragraph into two or more paragraphs, each with only one controlling idea. Additionally, while the information presented in this handout is tailored toward paragraph development, this organizational strategies discussed can be applied as overall organization strategies for research papers or can be used as organization strategies for paragraph blocks within a larger paper. As we continued to practice, different organizers were introduced.
However, use this rhetorical device sparingly, otherwise, ending a lot of paragraphs with a question to lead into the next paragraph sounds cumbersome. A claim reflects a conclusion that you have made. Short paragraphs might also need to be developed further. They make them for grades 1-6. This is especially true within paragraphs that discuss multiple examples or discuss complex ideas, issues, or concepts. Wild or erratic activity attracts the attention of piranhas. Reiterating the focus of your analysis by repeating key words or synonyms for key words enhances the overall flow of the paragraph.
Break it at a logical place e. Piranhas comprise more than 30-60 species of fish, depending on whom you ask. State your main idea as early and as clearly as possible. In particular, this pattern may work well in the background section s of different types of papers. By avoiding irrelevant information that does not relate to the topic sentence, you can compose a unified paragraph. However, the organization you choose will depend on the controlling idea of the paragraph. Like the thesis statement, a topic sentence has a unifying function.
You may start at the left side of the item and move right, or go from right to left. If a paragraph is more than a page long, it likely contains more than one controlling idea. The old Canadian one-dollar bill, with its line of telephone poles receding to the distant horizon, illustrates this preoccupation. Claims that you present in an essay should reflect an arguable position; that is, we should be able to argue over the validity of the claim. Paragraphs Filled with Claims Not Supported by Facts The writer does not develop an interpretation or argument but instead presents a series of claims, with few or no supporting facts for those claims. Pristobrycon are the least friendly of all piranhas; they often bite the fins of other fish, even fish of the same species.
This movement occurs both within the paragraph and between paragraphs. Illustration in a paragraph supports a general statement by means of examples, details, or relevant quotations with your comments. The paragraph has more than one controlling idea. This handout discusses the chronological strategy in detail. This type of reiteration stalls or disrupts the development of ideas as well as the logical progression to the next paragraph. When you write a persuasive paragraph, you should begin the paragraph with your conclusion, followed by the facts that support the conclusion. Over the next couple of days, students used sticky notes to add opinion or transition words they found to an anchor chart posted on a classroom wall.
Organize spatially, in order of appearance, or by topic. I'd love to hear your tips for elementary writing in the comment section below. Development and Organization Before you can begin to determine what the composition of a particular paragraph will be, you must consider what is the most important idea that you are trying to convey to your reader. In addition, the senior class had graduated the previous year, and a much larger freshman class entered the school. Within a paragraph, transitions are often single words or short phrases that help to establish relationships between ideas and to create a logical progression of those ideas in a paragraph.
If so, they would be facts. Length and appearance do not determine whether a part in your paper is a paragraph. Check any paragraph that is a page or longer to see whether it would work better as two or more paragraphs. With all this in mind, meeting those standards seemed like a huge mountain to climb when I was planning out my persuasive writing unit a few weeks ago. Pygopristis piranha are herbivores, feasting on seeds and fruits, not flesh. Year after year we strive to maintain a national radio and television broadcasting system in the face of foreign competition.