Educational perennialism is a normative educational philosophy. The Spirit is dynamic, ever-changing, playful. Further, the canon of books known as the classics form a key component of perennialist education, since they have the potential to solve problems in any era, and they are engaged in a Great Conversation with each other. Hutchins writes in the same vein: The business of saying. In the Renaissance, the term betokened the recognition of the fact that the philosophies of Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle, and Plotinus incontrovertibly expounded the same truth as lay at the heart of Christianity.
Perennialists disapprove of teachers requiring students to absorb massive amounts of disconnected information. What is important to note here are two prominent characteristics of the Perennial Philosophy: First, its starting point is an Absolute. This approach was in reaction to progressivist approaches prevalent in the 1920s and 30s. They were also exploitive authoritarians with strong indicators of narcissistic personality disorder. These books come out of ignorant, inquiring humanity. Essentialism is a common model in U. Once you do, everything else falls into place.
All views are welcomed, none is taken as True or ultimate, and the task is to attempt to create a respectful, ongoing, and hopefully emergent process of syntheses… Taking this approach as a context, I have a rather global dilemma in mind. Ficino saw his thought as part of a long development of philosophical truth, of ancient pre-Platonic philosophers including , , , Aglaophemus and who reached their peak in Plato. Call this what you will. It took me many years of diverse and concentrated study. Following Schleiermacher, an individual's intuition of truth was taken as the criterion for truth.
Students may pursue an optional extension to this core curriculum in later years. He argued that there is an underlying unity to the world, the soul or love, which has a counterpart in the realm of ideas. He proposed a harmony between the thought of Plato and Aristotle, and saw aspects of the Prisca theologia in Ibn Rushd , the , the and other sources. My parents were not religious in the least. Essentialist curricula thus tend to be much more vocational and fact-based, and far less liberal and principle-based.
Although this educational philosophy is similar in some ways to Perennialism, Essentialists accept the idea that this core curriculum may change. As you will see, that remark, en famille, was telling a tale about a mistake in levels of spiritual values. The college was founded by a group of graduates and professors of the Integral Program at Saint Mary's College of California, who were discouraged by the liberalism that became common place among the faculty and administration on Saint Mary's campus shortly after. These educational philosophical approaches are currently used in classrooms the world over. Education and Democracy: Re-imagining Liberal Learning in America. Hutchins makes this point very clear: In the course of history. It is also a self study, so no churches or hierarchy.
The ocean is the starting point, which most great wisdom traditions share — the belief that we can liberate ourselves from our ego and connect to a more expanded consciousness and reality. When you come into the presence of God, by this portal — there are other portals which may take you to different places — you come through a passage of self-sacrifice and giving oneself away, which paradoxically does not result in obliteration, but in the most extreme ecstasy and joy at the discovery which lies at the end of all this — that one is fearfully and wonderfully made, one is a unique and beloved child of God. The New York Review of Books. Many of those books and essays are forgotten as time moves on. The Great Conversation and the set of related great books changes as the representative thought of man changes or progresses, and is therefore representative of an evolution of thought, but is not based upon the whim or fancy of the latest cultural fads.
Paulo Freire 1921-1997 was a Brazilian whose experiences living in poverty led him to champion education and literacy as the vehicle for social change. You can remember the word 'perennialism' by remembering that perennial means lasting for many years. We open a portal together, as the apostles did at the Pentecost. The most meaningful behavior to anyone or anything within our experience is respect. Why not just stick with what Sita knows will work because it's worked for generations before? Secular perennialists espouse the idea that education should focus on the historical development of a continually developing common western base of human knowledge and art, the timeless value of classic thought on central human issues by landmark thinkers, and revolutionary ideas critical to historical western or changes in world view. Perennialists believe that reading is to be supplemented with mutual investigations between the teacher and the student and minimally-directed discussions through the in order to develop a historically oriented understanding of concepts.
Second, though resting on the principle of an Absolute Reality, it is non-sectarian. Perhaps many realities personal consciousnesses one actuality. Because perennialism is so focused on evergreen ideas, Sita should make the most of the curriculum about evergreen ideas. This would be the home of poets like Hafiz and Rumi, and mystics like Eckhart and St. Put all views in a circle, hear each one, let no one view dominant, then seek an enriched composition out of the mix.
Others think it's important to look at newer, less classic figures and learn from them. The solution, I think, is to stick to your religious tradition of birth or choice and leave perennialism well alone. Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. It seems to me that there is much truth in perennialism when in relates to the phenomenology of religious experience. And as these events affect us, we affect all else. Our friends are accustomed to my heathen ways, and it is never an issue.
Newfangled concepts might add something to the curriculum, but they may not. Our consciousness and imagination helps to create the reality we experience. The courses I run try to explore this common ground while also exploring the different destinations they attempt to reach. The Only Tradition, in S. De perenni philosophia, is a complex work which only contains the term philosophia perennis twice.